Discover Intriguing Indian Food Facts You’ll Love

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Editorial Team

India is known for its rich culture, diverse traditions, and vibrant culinary scene. The country’s food culture is a reflection of its history, geography, and regional diversity. From aromatic spices to mouthwatering sweets, Indian cuisine is a feast for the senses.

In recent years, India has seen a significant increase in its spice exports. In 2020 and 2021, the country exported spices worth US$4.18 billion, representing a remarkable 34% increase from the previous two years. This growth highlights the global demand for Indian spices and their unique flavors.

Key Takeaways:

  • India exported spices worth US$4.18 billion in 2020 and 2021, a 34% increase from the previous two years.
  • Indian cuisine is categorized into three classes: Sattvic, Raastic, and Taasmic, each with different purposes in Indian cuisine and holistic health practices.
  • Indian food theory posits that all Indian food contains six distinct tastes: sour, salty, bitter, spicy, astringent, and sweet.
  • India is home to 28 regions, each with its unique culinary traditions, showcasing the extreme diversity in Indian cuisine.
  • Contrary to popular belief, water does not alleviate the burning sensation from spicy food; dairy products like milk, lassi, or ice cream are more effective in soothing the burn.

Diverse Culture and Food from Different Indian Regions

India is a country with a rich and diverse culture, and this diversity is delightfully reflected in its cuisine. Each region has its own culinary traditions, ingredients, and flavors, making Indian cuisine a treasure trove of food diversity.

In the Northern Indian regions, spices take center stage. Known for their robust flavors, spices like turmeric, cumin, coriander, and mustard seeds are extensively used in cooking. The cuisine here features luxurious dairy, thick gravies, and tandoori cooking techniques.

On the other hand, Southern Indian cuisine is known for its use of coconut and lentils. Rice, coconut, curry leaves, and tamarind are the foundation of many dishes in this region. The food is often tangy, spicy, and packed with flavors.

The Eastern Indian regions, particularly Bengal, are renowned for their sweet treats like Rasgulla and Sandesh. Seafood is emphasized, with dishes like Machher Jhol (Fish Curry) taking the spotlight.

Western India, including Gujarat and Maharashtra, offers predominantly vegetarian dishes. This region boasts a wide variety of vegetarian delicacies that are both flavorful and satisfying.

To experience the diverse flavors of Indian cuisine all in one place, London-based Indian restaurants like Paro Indian and City Spice London adapt regional Indian cuisine into their menus. Paro Indian, located in Covent Garden, is known for providing a variety of the best Indian vegetarian and vegan dishes.

Indian cuisine combines a 5000-year history of the fusion of various cultures, leading to diverse flavors and regional cuisines. The use of staple ingredients such as rice, tomatoes, potatoes, lentils, chickpeas, onions, and yoghurt is common across different regions.

When it comes to Indian cuisine, the main differences are typically between South Indian and North Indian cuisine. While the North is largely vegetarian, inspiring vegetable-based dishes, the South boasts unique dishes with a focus on rice and coconut.

Indulge in the Flavors of India

Whether you’re enjoying the popular Indian street foods known as “chaat,” savoring a Vada Pav in Mumbai, relishing the flaky goodness of a stuffed Paratha, or indulging in the rich flavors of a Shahi Paneer or Rogan Josh, Indian cuisine offers a world of flavors to explore.

Ayurveda Value in Indian Food

Ayurveda, an ancient Indian system of medicine, deeply values the connection between food and overall well-being. In Ayurveda, food is considered one of the three pillars of health, alongside sleep and a balanced lifestyle. The principles of Ayurvedic cooking guide the selection and preparation of food to maintain a harmonious balance of energies within the body.

Ayurveda categorizes foods based on their qualities, tastes, and effects on the body. This classification system helps individuals make informed choices about the foods they consume. It emphasizes assessing the effects of food on the body’s internal temperature and metabolism, promoting a healthy digestive system and overall vitality.

An important aspect of the Ayurvedic diet is the incorporation of all six tastes – sweet, salty, sour, bitter, pungent, and astringent. Each taste plays a specific role in balancing the body’s energies and satisfying different aspects of the palate. By including a variety of tastes in meals, Ayurvedic cooking ensures a satisfying and nourishing dining experience.

Ayurveda recommends the consumption of cooked foods over raw foods for easier digestion. The process of cooking transforms food and makes it gentler on the digestive system. Ayurvedic cooking also emphasizes the use of whole foods such as rice, wheat, millets, lentils, and beans, providing complex carbohydrates, fiber, and proteins. These nutrient-rich ingredients form the foundation of a healthy and balanced Ayurvedic meal.

In Ayurvedic cooking, proper food combinations are crucial to avoid digestive issues. The Ayurvedic principles categorize food habits as pathya (beneficial) or apathya (harmful) based on their effects on the body. Following the guidelines for appropriate food combinations helps optimize digestion and absorption of nutrients, promoting overall wellness.

Ayurvedic Personalized Recommendations

A unique aspect of the Ayurvedic diet is its personalized approach to food. According to Ayurveda, each individual has a different constitution or dosha – Vata, Pitta, or Kapha. Based on their dosha, individuals receive personalized food recommendations that aim to prevent or treat specific health conditions.

Ayurvedic cooking also advises making lunch the main meal of the day to optimize digestion. As the body’s digestive fire or agni is strongest around noon, a well-balanced and nourishing lunch can provide the essential nutrients needed for sustained energy throughout the day.

Mindful eating is highly encouraged in Ayurveda. By cultivating a conscious and present attitude towards food, individuals are encouraged to savor each bite, appreciate the flavors, and develop a healthy relationship with food. Taking the time to enjoy meals can enhance digestion and promote overall well-being.

Overall, Ayurveda plays a significant role in Indian food culture, shaping not only the selection and preparation of ingredients but also the way meals are enjoyed and their impact on the body. By integrating Ayurvedic principles into their cooking and dining habits, individuals can experience the remarkable benefits of this ancient practice.

Indian Spices and their Health Benefits

Indian cuisine is renowned for its vibrant flavors, thanks to the extensive use of a wide range of spices. Beyond their ability to elevate taste profiles, Indian spices also offer numerous health benefits. Let’s explore some of the most popular Indian spices and the positive impact they can have on your well-being.


Turmeric, with its active compound curcumin, possesses powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. This golden spice has been found to potentially prevent heart attacks and support brain health by increasing the levels of brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF). Including turmeric in your diet can be a flavorful way to boost your overall health.

Chili Powder

Cayenne pepper, the key ingredient in chili powder, contains capsaicin, which has been clinically proven to relieve pain, aid digestion, and provide cardiovascular benefits. Studies suggest that increasing the intake of cayenne pepper may effectively raise the basal metabolic rate, aiding in fat burning for energy.


Coriander seeds are known for their carminative and digestive aid properties. Science has focused on investigating their antimicrobial effects, antianxiety action, and cholesterol-lowering effects. Coriander also boasts anti-microbial and anti-fungal properties and may help lower blood pressure and blood sugar levels.


Cumin seeds have been traditionally used to support a healthy digestive system. They may stimulate the secretion of pancreatic enzymes, aiding in digestion and nutrient assimilation. Rich in antioxidants, cumin exhibits anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties, helping reduce food-borne infections.


Ginger has been used for centuries to alleviate gastrointestinal distress and symptoms of motion sickness. It possesses antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, making it beneficial for overall health. Ginger may also lower blood sugars, improve heart health, and provide relief from nausea and pain.


Cardamom contains antioxidants that contribute to its anti-inflammatory effects, protecting cells from damage and preventing inflammation. Preliminary evidence suggests that cardamom may possess cancer-fighting properties, producing compounds that fight cancer cells.


Cloves contain eugenol, a compound with various benefits. Eugenol has shown promise in preventing toxicity from environmental pollutants, treating joint inflammation, and acting as a mild anesthetic and antibacterial agent. Including cloves in your meals can add both flavor and health benefits to your diet.


Cinnamon ranks high in antioxidants compared to other spices. It aids in reducing cholesterol levels, preventing cell damage, and protecting against heart disease. The polyphenols found in cinnamon are potent antioxidants that help the body fight infections and repair tissue damage. Cinnamon intake has also been shown to reduce fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, and LDL cholesterol in people with type 2 diabetes.

Black Mustard Seeds

Black mustard seeds are commonly used in Indian cuisine for their unique flavor. While research specifically on black mustard seeds is limited, they are known to be rich in antioxidants. Antioxidants help in neutralizing harmful free radicals and protecting the body from oxidative stress.

Cayenne Pepper

Cayenne pepper, due to its capsaicin concentration, has been clinically proven to relieve pain, aid digestion, and provide cardiovascular benefits. Research has shown that increasing the intake of cayenne pepper may effectively increase the basal metabolic rate and aid in fat burning for energy.

By incorporating these Indian spices into your cooking, you can unlock not only a world of flavor but also a plethora of health benefits. Explore the rich tapestry of Indian cuisine and discover the wonders that these spices can bring to your well-being.

India as the Largest Exporter of Spices

With its rich heritage and diverse culinary traditions, India has established itself as the largest exporter of spices in the world. The country’s abundant resources and favorable climatic conditions enable the cultivation of a wide range of aromatic spices, such as black pepper, cardamom, turmeric, cinnamon, cloves, cumin, fenugreek, and coriander.

India’s commitment to providing high-quality and pure spices sets it apart in the global market. The spices are meticulously grown, processed, and exported with strict adherence to quality control measures, ensuring that they meet international standards. Stringent testing for contaminants further ensures that Indian spices are safe for consumption.

The demand for Indian spices continues to soar in international markets, thanks to their distinct flavors and numerous health benefits. These spices are widely used in various cuisines around the world, enhancing the taste and aroma of dishes. Their versatility and ability to add depth of flavor make Indian spices a staple in countless kitchens globally.

As the largest exporter, India plays a crucial role in shaping the global spice trade. Its spices are sought after by buyers in over 150 countries, including top destinations such as China, the USA, Bangladesh, the UAE, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, the UK, and Sri Lanka. In fact, these countries account for more than 70% of India’s total spice export earnings.

Top Export Destinations Value of Spice Imports
China US$725.76 million
USA US$515.91 million
Bangladesh US$296.55 million
UAE US$214.76 million

Chilli, one of India’s most exported spices, holds a prominent position in the global spice market. In 2022-23, China imported a staggering US$409.44 million worth of chilli from India, while the USA imported US$96.38 million worth of this fiery spice.

Continued Growth and Opportunities

India’s dominance as the largest exporter of spices is supported by a thriving food industry. The country’s packaged food market is projected to reach US$93 billion in 2022, positioning India as the 6th largest packaged food market globally. Retail sales in the Indian food market are expected to surge to US$135.8 billion by 2026, reflecting a growth rate of 45.9% and presenting ample opportunities for spice exports.

The Indian food service sector and hotel, restaurant, and institutional (HRI) sector also contribute significantly to the country’s economy. The food service market, valued at US$63.7 billion, is predicted to reach US$95.7 billion by 2025, while the HRI sector, with its US$250 billion valuation, supports 43 million jobs and contributes nearly 10% to India’s GDP.

In addition to its status as a leading spice exporter, India’s food processing industry plays a vital role in the country’s economy. Contributing 12.8% to the nation’s GDP, this industry stands at the fifth position globally in terms of production, consumption, and exports. It is expected to generate employment for 9 million individuals between 2019 and 2024.

Furthermore, India’s food processing sector has significant room for growth, as the country currently processes less than 10% of its agricultural output. Expanding processing levels and attracting investments in this sector present immense opportunities for further strengthening India’s position as the largest exporter of spices.

India’s mastery of spice production and exportation is a testament to the country’s rich cultural heritage and culinary excellence. Whether it’s the aroma of cardamom or the kick of chili, Indian spices bring a world of flavor to kitchens worldwide.

The Art of Indian Spice Blends

Indian chefs are renowned worldwide for their mastery of creating exquisite flavors through the art of spice blends. These special blends, carefully crafted with a harmonious combination of spices, are the key to the rich and vibrant taste of Indian cuisine.

In Indian cooking, each spice has its unique role, contributing to the overall flavor profile of a dish. From the robust earthiness of cumin, which forms the cornerstone of North and South Indian cuisines, to the omnipresent coriander in seed and leaf form, found in curry powders and masalas, Indian chefs expertly utilize the diverse range of spices available to them.

Turmeric, known for its vibrant color and anti-inflammatory properties, is not only valued for its health benefits but also adds depth and complexity to Indian dishes. Cardamom, often referred to as the “queen of spices,” lends its distinct aroma and flavor to sweet and savory creations, including masala chai, biryanis, and desserts.

Mustard seeds, especially the black and brown varieties, are commonly used for tempering in pickles, curries, and vegetable preparations in Eastern Indian cuisine. Fenugreek leaves and seeds, on the other hand, are essential components of Indian spice blends, found in curry powders, spice mixes, pickles, and lentil dishes.

A unique spice in Indian cuisine, asafoetida, with its pungent aroma, is sparingly used in vegetarian dishes, especially those without garlic and onions. Cloves, known for their intense and sweet flavor, find their place in rice dishes, biryanis, spice blends, and masala chai recipes.

Black pepper, an indispensable spice, adds heat to Indian dishes and is commonly used in soups, stews, and various meat and vegetable preparations. Red chili, available in various forms, brings heat and vibrant color to Indian cuisine. Notably, Kashmiri chili with its deep red hue and moderate heat is highly sought after by chefs.

Fennel seeds, with their sweet and licorice-like flavor, are commonly used in Indian cooking for spice blends, pickles, desserts, and even as a post-meal mouth freshener. These carefully balanced blends of spices contribute to the traditional spiciness of Indian dishes, making chili a prominent ingredient in many recipes.

An iconic Indian spice blend, garam masala, combines cinnamon, cardamom, and potent black peppercorns, adding a warm and aromatic touch to various preparations. This harmonious blend of spices showcases the expertise of Indian chefs in creating complex and flavorful dishes.

The art of Indian spice blends not only reflects the culinary heritage of the country but also represents a holistic approach to food, where taste and health go hand in hand. By incorporating spices like turmeric, ginger, and garlic, known for their health benefits, Indian cuisine offers a balance of rich and nutritious dishes.

Indian chefs have mastered the use of these special blends to create a wide range of recipes, from the world-famous chicken tikka masala to a humble lentil daal flavored with Curry Madras spice blend. This expertise has propelled Indian cuisine to gain worldwide acclaim, with its flavors captivating taste buds across the globe.

The incorporation of steamed, grilled, and sautéed vegetables, legumes, and lean proteins further demonstrates the versatility and health-consciousness of Indian cooking. Whole grains like brown rice and wholemeal flour are also staples in Indian cuisine, as seen in breads like roti and naan.

The art of Indian spice blends and the skill of Indian chefs have undoubtedly made Indian cuisine renowned worldwide. It is the perfect marriage of flavors, the balance of taste and health, and the depth of culinary traditions that continue to captivate food lovers everywhere.

The Spice of Indian Chilies

India is renowned for its vibrant and flavorful cuisine, which owes much of its deliciousness to the generous use of Indian chilies. From the fiery Bhoot Jolokia to the aromatic Kashmiri Mirch, the country offers a diverse range of chili varieties that add depth and heat to countless dishes.

A Journey from South to North

Chillies were introduced to South India long before they made their way to the North. It took nearly 200 years for these spicy gems to become a staple in North Indian cuisine. Today, Indian chilies are an integral part of both regional and national dishes, enriching the culinary landscape with their distinctive flavors.

Chili Capitals of India

Guntur, the “chili city” of India, is famous for its Guntur Sannam Chillies. This variety, grown extensively in the region, holds a special place in the hearts of spice enthusiasts. Guntur is not only home to the largest chili market in the country but also supplies a significant portion of India’s chili demand.

Telugu-speaking states in India, including Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, cultivate half of the country’s chillies. These states, known for their rich agricultural traditions, contribute significantly to both domestic production and exports, ensuring a steady supply of Indian chilies worldwide.

Flavors of South India

In South Indian households, chilies are more than just a spice. They are an integral part of everyday life, with some households even dedicating a shelf to condiments like curd chillies, pickles, and PODIs. With their bold flavors and affordability, chilies are often preferred over black pepper, making them a quintessential ingredient in South Indian cooking.

Diverse Varieties

In addition to the well-known Bhoot Jolokia and Kashmiri Mirch, India boasts a wide range of chili varieties. The fruity Dalle Khursani of Sikkim, Nagaland’s King or Naga chili, Kon Jolokia from Assam, and Sirarakhong (Hathei) chili from Manipur are just a few examples of the country’s spice diversity.

Andhra Pradesh, with its Guntur Sannam and Teja chili varieties, holds a prominent place in the world of Indian chilies. These fiery peppers not only pack a punch in terms of heat but also contribute vibrant colors to the cuisine, making them a preferred choice of many chefs and home cooks.

A Spicy Sizzle

The Scoville scale measures the potency of chilies’ heat, with the Bhut Jolokia ranking second at an impressive 1,041,427 Scoville Heat Units (SHUs). Kashmiri chillies, on the other hand, have a milder heat, measuring around 2000 SHUs, making them a popular choice for those who enjoy a more subtle kick.

With over a hundred commercial varieties cultivated across the country, India’s chili production showcases the incredible diversity of flavors and heat levels available. From the iconic spiciness of Guntur Chilies to the unique characteristics of regional favorites like Byadagi, Ramnad Mundu, and Dhani, Indian chilies continue to captivate taste buds and spice up culinary experiences around the world.

The Luxurious Indian Kashmiri Saffron

Indian Kashmiri saffron, also known as the rarest and most precious variety of saffron, is a culinary treasure that adds intrigue and sophistication to Indian dishes. With its thicker strands, robust color, and deeper flavor, Kashmiri saffron is renowned for its intricate flavors that elevate any recipe to new heights.

Beyond its culinary uses, Kashmiri saffron also boasts remarkable medicinal properties. Packed with safranal, crocin, and picrocrocin, this spice not only tantalizes the taste buds but also offers potential health benefits.

Kashmir, the region where this luxurious spice originates, is characterized by diverse climates, ranging from extreme cold in Ladakh to moderate in Kashmir and sub-tropical in Jammu. This unique environment contributes to the distinct qualities of Indian Kashmiri saffron, making it unparalleled in flavor and aroma.

Indian cuisine is known for its delectable non-vegetarian dishes, and Kashmiri saffron plays a prominent role in enhancing these delightful preparations. From aromatic biryanis to rich curries, the addition of saffron brings a richness and depth that is unrivaled.

An interesting fact about Kashmiri saffron is that it is the most expensive spice in the world. Reports suggest that a kilogram of this precious spice can cost up to INR 3 lakhs. This high cost is justified by the meticulous and labor-intensive process required to obtain saffron. It takes harvesting and sifting through more than 1,50,000 flowers to obtain just one kilogram of saffron, highlighting the immense effort involved.

When it comes to quality, Kashmiri saffron outshines its competitors. The crocin content in Kashmiri saffron is reported to be at 8.72%, while Iranian saffron has a lower crocin content of 6.82%. This higher concentration of crocin contributes to the vibrant color and intense flavor of Kashmiri saffron, making it a highly sought-after spice.

Notably, saffron blooms for only six weeks a year, from late September to early December. During this limited period, the vibrant flowers are carefully hand-picked to preserve the delicate strands that make Kashmiri saffron so special.

While Iran is currently the largest producer of saffron in the world, Kashmiri saffron is considered to be superior in terms of overall quality. Its exquisite flavor, captivating aroma, and distinct characteristics set it apart as the pinnacle of saffron excellence.

Experience the luxury of Indian Kashmiri saffron, with its intricate flavors and medicinal properties, and elevate your culinary creations to a whole new level.

Exploring the Variety of Indian Sweets

Indian cuisine is renowned for its rich and diverse array of sweets, also known as mithai. These delectable treats are an integral part of Indian culture and are enjoyed on various occasions, be it festivals, weddings, or simply as a delightful dessert option.

One of the most popular Indian sweets that has gained international recognition is Gulab Jamun. These soft and syrupy balls made from milk solids, flour, and cardamom are a true indulgence for anyone with a sweet tooth. Gulab Jamun is often served warm and is a staple in Indian celebrations.

However, Gulab Jamun is just one of the many Indian sweets available. In fact, there are over 200 different types of mithai that you can explore. Each region in India has its own unique sweet specialties, showcasing the diverse culinary traditions of the country.

A Sweet Journey Across India

From the northern part of India, you can savor the creamy and aromatic Badam Malai Peda, a sweet made with almonds, milk, and saffron. If you have a fondness for chickpea flour, you can indulge in the melt-in-your-mouth Besan Ladoo, a traditional sweet popular during festive occasions.

Heading south, you’ll discover unique delicacies like the heavenly Kala Jamun, a dark and spongy sweet soaked in sugar syrup. The crumbly and flavorful Badam Burfi, made with ground almonds and sugar, is another southern delight that you wouldn’t want to miss.

At Rajbhog Foods, a leading brand for Indian sweets in the United States, you can explore a wide range of authentic mithai options. In addition to Gulab Jamun, you can tantalize your taste buds with other delicious offerings like White Sandwich, a delectable fusion of coconut and cashews, and the rich and indulgent sweetness of their signature variety.

Sweet Celebrations Made Easy

Whether you’re craving traditional Indian sweets or looking for a unique dessert experience, Rajbhog Foods has got you covered. Their sweets are made in the USA using traditional recipes and high-quality ingredients, ensuring an authentic taste that transports you to the vibrant streets of India.

You can conveniently order from Rajbhog Foods’ website and have your favorite Indian sweets delivered right to your doorstep. If you prefer a more personal experience, you can visit their physical store or other nearby grocery stores to explore the wide assortment of mithai options available.

So, indulge yourself in the diverse and delightful world of Indian sweets. Discover the sweetness of India’s culinary heritage and let Rajbhog Foods be your guide to the flavors and traditions that make Indian cuisine truly special.

The Rice Diversity in India

India, renowned for its vibrant cuisine, boasts a rich variety of rice that has been cultivated for centuries. Rice plays a vital role in the Indian diet, with different types of rice used in various regions and dishes. Let’s explore the diverse range of Indian rice options that add depth and flavor to traditional Indian cooking.

White rice, commonly consumed across the country, is a staple in Indian households. It is known for its fluffy texture and is often paired with curries, dals, and vegetables. Brown rice, on the other hand, is gaining popularity due to its higher nutritional value and nutty taste. It is rich in fiber and essential minerals, making it a healthy alternative to white rice.

Red rice, which is unpolished and retains its outer layer, is another popular choice in India. It is packed with antioxidants and has a slightly nutty flavor. Red rice is commonly used in South Indian cuisine, where it is enjoyed in dishes like idlis, dosas, and pulao.

Sticky rice, also known as glutinous rice, is used in various sweet and savory dishes. It has a sticky texture when cooked, making it ideal for dishes like biryani and kheer. The black rice variety, often referred to as forbidden rice, is highly regarded for its unique appearance and nutritional benefits. It is loaded with antioxidants and is known to promote heart health.

Indian agriculture’s diverse climate and fertile soil contribute to the cultivation of these distinct rice varieties. The southwest monsoon, which provides over 75% of India’s annual rainfall, is crucial for the success of rice crops in the country.

Rice Consumption in Different Indian Regions

While rice is consumed across India, its significance varies by region. In western and southern India, rice is the primary staple food, deeply embedded in the culinary traditions dating back thousands of years. The southern regions, in particular, extensively use rice in various dishes like dosas, idlis, and curries.

In northern India, wheat is the dominant grain, but rice still holds an important place in the cuisine. It is commonly enjoyed in dishes such as biryani, pulao, and kheer. The diverse cultural influences in this region have resulted in a unique blend of flavors and cooking styles that incorporate rice.

With its wide range of rice varieties and their integration into traditional recipes, India truly showcases the depth and diversity of its culinary heritage. Whether it’s the aromatic biryanis of the north or the delicate idlis of the south, Indian rice dishes continue to captivate taste buds and exemplify the country’s rich food culture.

India’s rice diversity contributes to the country’s agricultural exports and provides a canvas for India’s renowned culinary creativity. The versatility, nutritional value, and cultural significance of rice make it an essential ingredient in Indian cuisine.

Bandel Cheese – An Indian Delight

Bandel Cheese is a rare and unique cheese that originates from the Indian subcontinent. Its production is currently limited to only one family in the world, emphasizing its exclusivity and prized status in the culinary world.

The Ghosh family, who specializes in crafting Bandel Cheese, faced a significant setback during the nationwide lockdown in 2020. They had to discard around 12,000 pieces of cheese, resulting in a substantial loss in both production and sales. This incident highlights the challenges faced by artisans in preserving the heritage of this delicacy.

Despite its limited availability, Bandel Cheese has managed to captivate the taste buds of Anglo-Indian communities and has become an integral part of their culinary traditions. Its origins can be traced back to the Mog or Burmese community, showcasing the influence of diverse cultures on Indian cuisine.

Chef Thomas Zacharias, during his tenure at The Bombay Canteen in Mumbai, explored the versatility of Bandel Cheese by using it as stuffing in chargrilled Bhavnagri chillies. This creative fusion highlights the cheese’s adaptability and its potential to elevate traditional recipes.

Recognizing the importance of preserving and standardizing this unique cheese, Dr. Debabrata Bera and his team at Jadavpur University in Kolkata are conducting research to secure a geographical indication tag for Bandel Cheese. Their efforts aim to enhance the cheese’s hygiene standards, potentially opening doors for exportability and making it a mainstream food product.

Currently, Bandel Cheese is only available in two stores across Kolkata, further emphasizing its exclusivity. Priced at INR 8 per piece, this artisanal cheese showcases the rich flavors and craftsmanship of Indian dairy products.

Bandel Cheese can be incorporated into various dishes, adding a unique flavor profile to both classic and innovative recipes. Some mouthwatering examples include Pan Seared Bandel Cheese Salad and Spaghetti Sorrentina with Bandel Cheese.

Comparison of Indian Cheeses

Cheese Type Origin Ripening Time
Bandel Cheese Indian subcontinent N/A
Kalari Cheese Udhampur region of J&K Over 6 months
Churrpi Cheese Sikkim (traditionally) N/A

As an advocate for sustainable food practices, the author has experimented extensively with indigenous cheeses such as Bandel Cheese, Kalari, and Churrpi in Western classic dishes. These cheeses add a touch of luxury and comfort to culinary creations, paving the way for a sustainable food revolution.


In conclusion, the fascinating world of Indian cuisine unveils a multitude of flavors, culinary traditions, and cultural diversity. From the regional specialties to the vibrant spices, Indian food amazes with its rich history and unique culinary techniques.

However, amidst the abundance of Indian food facts, it’s crucial to acknowledge the challenges that the country faces. The statistics reveal a concerning reality of hunger, undernourishment, and food wastage in India. Efforts to combat these issues include improving supply chains, implementing government policies, and innovative initiatives by startups.

As we appreciate the beauty and complexity of Indian cuisine, it’s essential to remember the importance of sustainable food practices and reducing waste. By embracing the diversity of Indian food and supporting initiatives to address food security, we can contribute to a brighter future for this vibrant culinary heritage.


What makes Indian cuisine unique?

Indian cuisine is unique due to its rich cultural diversity, extensive use of spices, and regional flavors that vary from North to South, East to West.

How does Ayurveda influence Indian cuisine?

Ayurveda, an ancient Indian system of medicine, guides the use of healthy Indian spices in food preparation, ensuring a harmonious blend of flavors and promoting overall well-being.

What are the health benefits of Indian spices?

Indian spices, such as turmeric, chili powder, coriander, cumin, cardamom, clove, cinnamon, black mustard seeds, and cayenne pepper, contribute not only to the flavor but also to the overall health-enhancing properties of Indian cuisine.

Is India the largest exporter of spices?

Yes, India is the largest producer and exporter of spices in the world, with exports worth US.18 billion in 2020 and 2021.

What makes Indian spice blends special?

Indian chefs are renowned for their expertise in creating exceptional spice blends, contributing to the unique flavors and reputation of Indian cuisine worldwide.

What are some popular Indian chilies?

India is home to a variety of hot chilies, including Bhoot Jolokia, Kashmiri Mirch, Guntur Chili, Jwala Chili, Byadagi Chili, Ramnad Mundu, and Dhani, which add fiery flavors to Indian dishes.

What makes Indian Kashmiri saffron special?

Indian Kashmiri Saffron is renowned for its delicate flavor and vibrant color, and it is highly valued for its culinary uses as well as its medicinal properties.

What are some popular Indian sweets?

While Gulab Jamun is a well-known Indian sweet, there are over 200 different types of Indian sweets available, offering a wide variety of delicious dessert options.

What is the rice diversity in India?

India produces and exports a wide variety of rice, including white rice, red rice, brown rice, sticky rice, and even black rice, catering to diverse culinary preferences.

What is Bandel Cheese?

Bandel Cheese is a unique Asian cheese produced in the Indian subcontinent, particularly in the town of Bandel in West Bengal. It has a rich history and continues to be enjoyed by Anglo-Indian communities.

Why is Indian food a reflection of cultural diversity?

Indian cuisine is a reflection of the rich cultural heritage and diverse traditions of the country. The vibrant spices and unique regional flavors contribute to its culinary diversity.