Intriguing Lacrosse Facts You Should Know

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Editorial Team

Lacrosse is a thrilling sport known for its fast-paced nature and high-scoring games. With goals at both ends of the field, lacrosse offers non-stop action that keeps fans on the edge of their seats.

Men’s lacrosse allows for more physical contact and body checking compared to women’s lacrosse, adding an extra level of intensity to the game. This physicality contributes to the fast and dynamic nature of lacrosse.

Colleges in the United States boast highly competitive lacrosse programs that attract talented athletes from across the country. These programs provide opportunities for student-athletes to showcase their skills and pursue higher education while competing at a high level.

Professional lacrosse leagues like Major League Lacrosse (MLL) and the Premier Lacrosse League (PLL) have gained popularity in recent years, providing lacrosse players with a platform to showcase their skills at the highest level.

The sport of lacrosse is not limited to the United States. It has been steadily growing globally, with countries like Canada, the United States, Australia, and England being recognized as lacrosse powerhouses.

Lacrosse offers incredible opportunities for student-athletes to earn scholarships and pursue higher education. Many colleges and universities provide lacrosse scholarships, giving talented players the chance to further their academic and athletic careers.

The values instilled in lacrosse go beyond the field. The sport teaches discipline, teamwork, and resilience, shaping individuals into well-rounded athletes and contributing members of society.

Lacrosse has seen some incredible moments throughout its history. The fastest recorded shot on goal in lacrosse was made by Patrick Luehren, clocking in at an astonishing 119.9 mph.

The sport has a rich history that dates back to the 16th century in North America, with its current rules being codified in 1867. Lacrosse has evolved and grown over the years, encompassing different versions of the game such as field lacrosse, box lacrosse, women’s lacrosse, and intercrosse.

Key Takeaways:

  • Lacrosse is a fast-paced sport known for its high-scoring games.
  • Men’s lacrosse allows more physical contact and body checking.
  • Colleges in the United States have competitive lacrosse programs.
  • Professional lacrosse leagues like MLL and PLL have gained popularity.
  • Lacrosse is a growing sport globally, with countries like Canada and Australia excelling.

The Fastest Game On Two Feet

Lacrosse, often hailed as the fastest game on two feet, is known for its incredible speed and agility. The players’ ability to swiftly move the lacrosse ball across the field sets this game apart from others. In fact, the fastest lacrosse ball speed ever recorded reached an astonishing 114 mph, achieved by Mike Sawyer in 2013, surpassing the previous record of 111 mph set by Paul Rabil in 2009.

The rapid speed of play and quick transitions make lacrosse a thrilling sport to watch and participate in. With its roots dating back centuries, lacrosse has evolved into a game that demands unparalleled speed, skill, and athleticism. It is no wonder that lacrosse is not only the fastest-growing high school sport in the nation but also the fastest-growing sport overall in the United States.

To truly appreciate the speed of the game, it’s important to understand how it is played. A regulated lacrosse game involves two teams competing against each other on a field with two goals at either end. The game lasts approximately an hour and a half and combines elements of endurance, strategy, and lightning-fast reflexes.

Passing and catching are essential skills in lacrosse, contributing to its reputation as the fastest sport on two feet. Players must possess exceptional hand-eye coordination and precision to swiftly move the ball between teammates while evading opponents’ defense.

Throughout the game, ground balls become critical moments that require quick thinking and agility. Players use their sticks to scoop the ball from the ground, showcasing their ability to react swiftly and maintain possession.

While lacrosse is a fast-paced sport for both men and women, certain variations exist between the two. Boys’ lacrosse has more physicality with players wearing helmets and protective pads, allowing for hitting above the waist and below the neck. In contrast, girls’ lacrosse typically involves minimal body contact.

With its thrilling speed, skillful gameplay, and growing popularity, lacrosse continues to captivate athletes and fans alike. As the sport evolves and new records are shattered, one thing remains certain – lacrosse will always be recognized as the fastest game on two feet.

Native American Origins

Lacrosse, with its rich history, traces its origins back to Native American nations, particularly the Iroquois and other tribes. This captivating sport was far more than just a game; it held deep cultural and spiritual significance for these communities. Used as a ceremonial ritual, lacrosse played a vital role in resolving conflicts, fostering unity, and expressing gratitude to the Creator.

Records show that lacrosse dates as far back as 1100, when Native American nations engaged in matches involving hundreds to thousands of men. The game showcased the strength, agility, and skill of its participants.

The Haudenosaunee, a confederation of six Native American nations – Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora – were the custodians of this ancient tradition. For them, lacrosse was not just a sport but intertwined with their identity and cultural heritage. Cultural research specialists believe that lacrosse has even deeper roots and is believed to pre-date the creation of the Earth itself for the Haudenosaunee people.

Traditional lacrosse was characterized by its intense and physical style of play. With minimal rules, players did whatever it took to gain possession of the ball and score goals. The game played out over vast areas, with goals that could be as far as 500 yards to 6 miles apart. This ancient version of lacrosse showcased the prowess and resilience of Native American athletes.

European influence eventually permeated the game, leading to the standardization of rules and regulations. The French explorers in the 17th century named the stick game “lacrosse,” derived from their term for “the stick,” la crosse. With time, the wooden lacrosse sticks, meticulously crafted from a single piece of ash wood, gave way to modern innovations, allowing for greater control and precision in the game.

As lacrosse evolved and spread globally, it retained its spiritual and cultural significance. Today, lacrosse is played across the world, but its Native American origins remain an integral part of its narrative. The Iroquois Nationals, representing the Haudenosaunee Confederacy, continue to inspire with their remarkable skills and deep-rooted connection to the game.

Different Types of Lacrosse

Lacrosse is a versatile sport with various versions that cater to different preferences and playstyles. Let’s explore the four main types of lacrosse: field lacrosse, women’s lacrosse, box lacrosse, and intercrosse.

Field Lacrosse

Field lacrosse is the most common and widely recognized form of the sport. It is played on a grass or turf field with ten players on each team, consisting of three attackmen, three midfielders, three defensemen, and one goalie. The game is divided into four periods of 15 minutes each, resulting in 60 minutes of playing time.

In field lacrosse, face-offs are used to start the game at the beginning of each quarter and after each goal. Possession is awarded against the team that last touched the ball when it goes out of bounds. Penalties can lead to the offending team losing possession or temporarily losing a player.

Field lacrosse requires agility, speed, and strategic teamwork to succeed. It is a physically demanding and fast-paced game known as the “fastest game on two feet.”

Women’s Lacrosse

Women’s lacrosse has its own set of rules that differ from field lacrosse. It places a greater emphasis on player safety. Contact is limited, and protective gear is not as extensive as in men’s lacrosse. The game is less physical but equally competitive.

Women’s lacrosse sticks feature a shallower pocket compared to men’s sticks, allowing for better ball control and passing accuracy. The objective is to score goals by shooting the ball into the opposing team’s net.

Like field lacrosse, women’s lacrosse also has its own set of championships and tournaments, showcasing the best players and teams in the world.

Box Lacrosse

Box lacrosse, also known as indoor lacrosse, is played within a hockey-type arena. The playing surface is smaller and enclosed, leading to more physical contact and frequent player substitutions.

This fast-paced version of lacrosse demands quick reflexes and strong defensive skills due to the tighter space and heightened physicality. The sticks used in box lacrosse are heavier to provide durability against harder checks, making for an exciting and dynamic game.

Box lacrosse has its own professional leagues, such as the National Lacrosse League (NLL), where teams compete for the championship title.


Intercrosse is a non-contact form of lacrosse that focuses on teamwork, skill development, and inclusivity. It is often played indoors and eliminates aggressive body checking to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.

This version of lacrosse promotes equal participation for all genders and ages. Intercrosse allows players to enhance their fundamental lacrosse skills without the physicality commonly associated with the sport.

Intercrosse is gaining popularity as a recreational alternative to traditional lacrosse, encouraging players of all skill levels to join in the fun.

Types of Lacrosse Description
Field Lacrosse Played on a grass or turf field with ten players per team. Known for its physicality and fast-paced gameplay.
Women’s Lacrosse A modified version with different rules and less physical contact.
Box Lacrosse Played in an enclosed arena with intensified physicality and faster player substitutions.
Intercrosse A non-contact form of lacrosse that focuses on teamwork, inclusivity, and skill development.

Each type of lacrosse offers its own unique experience and caters to different preferences. Whether you enjoy the fast-paced action of field lacrosse, the strategy of women’s lacrosse, the intensity of box lacrosse, or the inclusive nature of intercrosse, there’s a version of the sport for everyone to enjoy.

Lacrosse in College and Professional Leagues

College lacrosse has a rich history and is a highly competitive sport, attracting athletes from all over the United States. It all started in 1877 when New York University established the first college lacrosse team in the country. Since then, lacrosse has gained popularity and has become a staple in college athletics.

Today, there are numerous colleges and universities with lacrosse programs, both for men and women. These programs offer student-athletes the opportunity to showcase their skills and compete at the highest level. College lacrosse provides a platform for young players to develop their talent and potentially pursue a professional career in the sport.

Speaking of professional lacrosse, the sport has seen significant growth in recent years. In 2000, Major League Lacrosse (MLL) was launched as a men’s professional outdoor league. It began with a Summer Showcase and later transitioned into regular play the following year. The MLL has provided a professional platform for the top men’s lacrosse players to showcase their skills and compete for championships.

In 2019, another men’s professional league, the Premier Lacrosse League (PLL), began play. With a tour-based model, the PLL brought a new excitement to the sport by hosting games in various cities across the country. The league merged with the MLL for the 2021 season, creating a unified professional lacrosse league.

Not to be left behind, women’s lacrosse also made its mark on the professional stage. In 2016, the United Women’s Lacrosse League (UWLX) became the first women’s professional lacrosse league. The UWLX provided female lacrosse players with the opportunity to compete at a professional level and further promote the growth of the sport among women.

Year Event Significance
1904 Lacrosse becomes an Olympic sport Canada defeats St. Louis AAA to win the championship
2000 Major League Lacrosse (MLL) launches The first men’s professional outdoor lacrosse league
2016 United Women’s Lacrosse League (UWLX) begins play The first women’s professional lacrosse league
2019 Premier Lacrosse League (PLL) starts A new men’s professional league with a tour-based model

College and professional lacrosse play a crucial role in nurturing talent, promoting the sport’s growth, and providing exciting competition for fans. With the success of college lacrosse programs and the establishment of professional leagues, the future of lacrosse looks bright, promising more thrilling moments on the field.

Lacrosse in International Competitions

Lacrosse is a sport that transcends borders, attracting teams from around the world to compete in international competitions, such as the World Lacrosse Championships. These tournaments showcase the global reach and growing popularity of lacrosse, with teams from various countries vying for the title of world champions.

Among the powerhouse nations in lacrosse, the United States stands out as the most successful team in the history of the World Lacrosse Championships, having clinched the coveted title 11 times. Their dominance in the sport reflects their unparalleled skill and commitment to excellence.

Canada, a close rival to the United States, has also left a significant mark in international lacrosse competitions. With three championship victories, they have consistently challenged their American counterparts, pushing the boundaries of the sport and inspiring other nations to elevate their game.

The scale of international lacrosse has expanded in recent years, with more countries participating in the tournaments. In the 2018 World Lacrosse Championship held in Netanya, Israel, a staggering 46 nations competed, highlighting the growing global interest in the sport.

This championship was particularly significant as it marked the first time the tournament expanded beyond the traditional four hosts – the United States, Canada, Australia, and England. This move allowed for greater inclusivity and provided an opportunity for lacrosse to reach new corners of the world.

In the most recent edition of the World Lacrosse Championship, held in 2023 in San Diego, California, 30 nations participated in the tournament games. The top five ranking countries competing in Pool A were Australia, Canada, England, Haudenosaunee, and the United States, showcasing the depth of talent and competitiveness in international lacrosse.

Country Championship Wins
United States 11
Canada 3

Competing in international lacrosse competitions provides an unparalleled platform for teams to showcase their skills, learn from the best, and foster camaraderie among players from different countries. As the sport continues to grow and evolve, we can expect more thrilling encounters between nations and the emergence of new lacrosse powerhouses.

Influence of Native Americans on Lacrosse

The game of lacrosse has deep roots in Native American culture, with Native Americans playing a central role in its development and evolution. The influence of Native American traditions can be seen in various aspects of the sport, from its historical significance to the presence of indigenous teams in international competitions.

One prominent example of Native American influence in lacrosse is the Iroquois Nationals, a team representing the Haudenosaunee Confederacy. Formed in 1983, the team consists primarily of Haudenosaunee members and has also welcomed indigenous athletes from other nations. The Iroquois Nationals were accepted as a member of the Federation of International Lacrosse in 1988 and consistently rank among the top five teams worldwide. Their participation serves as a powerful reminder of the sport’s indigenous origins and the Native American influence on lacrosse.

Beyond team representation, Native American players recognize lacrosse as more than just a game. A study conducted for a PhD dissertation revealed that 13 players emphasized lacrosse as a medicine, connecting them physically, mentally, emotionally, and spiritually with their ancestors. The sport serves as a powerful tool for cultural preservation and paves the way for future generations to embrace their heritage.

The origins of lacrosse can be traced back to Native American tribes who played the game with hundreds of participants across vast fields. Each tribe had its own name for the game, such as “tewaarathon” among the Mohawk people, reflecting the diverse cultural expressions of this sport.

As lacrosse evolved over time, the equipment used also underwent significant changes. Traditional wooden sticks were gradually replaced by modern equipment made from advanced alloys and synthetic materials. However, rituals remained an integral part of the game, with participants engaging in pre-game rituals and using special equipment to honor lacrosse’s spiritual and cultural significance.

Institutions like US Lacrosse have recognized the importance of educating players about the sport’s rich history and its Native American origins. Efforts have been made to honor these origins by incorporating rituals or symbols reminiscent of indigenous roots, ensuring respect for the ancestral heritage of lacrosse.

The deep-rooted cultural significance of lacrosse tied to Native American influence can be seen in its global spread. Despite adaptations and changes, lacrosse has maintained its connection to Native American culture, preserving its historical essence and fostering cultural understanding among players from different backgrounds.

Contemporary players and organizations also pay homage to the game’s indigenous origins, showing a commitment to respect and honor the ancestral roots of lacrosse. As a game played by the Haudenosaunee people, lacrosse continues to be a source of cultural passion and community healing.

The Iroquois Nationals, the Haudenosaunee’s field team, began competing in the 1990 World Games. Their presence in international competitions exemplifies the enduring impact of Native Americans on the sport, showcasing their skills, traditions, and cultural contributions to the world of lacrosse.

Lacrosse Scholarships and Inclusivity

Lacrosse not only offers a thrilling and dynamic sporting experience but also presents numerous opportunities for student-athletes to pursue higher education through scholarships. Many colleges and universities across the United States provide scholarships to talented lacrosse players, recognizing their skills, dedication, and potential.

Division I schools, on average, offer the most athletic scholarships for lacrosse players within NCAA programs. These scholarships provide student-athletes with financial support to help cover tuition fees, room and board, and other necessary expenses. By receiving a lacrosse scholarship, players can combine their passion for the sport with obtaining a valuable education.

Participation in NCAA lacrosse has seen impressive growth in recent years, with a 47 percent increase in the last decade. This expansion has created more opportunities for aspiring lacrosse players to showcase their abilities and compete at the collegiate level. Additionally, participation by non-white athletes has grown 2.5 times at the college level, contributing to a more diverse and inclusive lacrosse community.

To be eligible for lacrosse scholarships at the NCAA Division I or II level, student-athletes need to register with and be cleared by the NCAA. This process ensures that athletes meet the academic and amateurism requirements set forth by the organization. It is essential for prospective lacrosse players to understand and fulfill the NCAA’s eligibility criteria to maximize their chances of securing a scholarship.

Opportunities Beyond the United States

Lacrosse scholarships are not limited to the United States. FirstPoint USA, a leading scholarship agency, has provided over 80,000 student-athletes with opportunities for athletic scholarships overseas. They evaluate over 100,000 prospective student-athletes across 187 countries each year, helping connect international players with universities and colleges abroad.

Scholarship Assessments and Academic Requirements

When applying for a lacrosse scholarship, student-athletes must be prepared to meet both athletic and academic expectations. NCAA student-athletes are encouraged to take their SAT exams during their sophomore year and again in their junior year. The SAT test is scored out of 1600, while the ACT test is scored out of 36. Most colleges and universities accept scores from both exams, allowing students to submit their best results.

International college-bound student-athletes, including those interested in lacrosse scholarships, need to provide academic records such as transcripts or mark sheets to the NCAA Eligibility Center. These certified documents must be sent from official email addresses for processing. Alberta students can conveniently order their high school transcripts via, ensuring they have the necessary documents for NCAA scholarship purposes.

Statistics Findings
Total Lacrosse Programs Added by NCAA in 2019 Over 30
Total Number of Lacrosse Teams in College Sports Over 500
Average Number of Players in NCAA Division 1 Lacrosse Squads 44
Student-Athletes Served by Harlem Lacrosse Over 1,000
Total Black Athletes in NCAA Division I Men’s Programs (2022) 159


Lacrosse, with its thrilling gameplay and rich history, is a sport that continues to captivate players and fans around the world. From its Native American origins to its global reach today, lacrosse has evolved into a dynamic and exciting game that emphasizes teamwork, discipline, and sportsmanship.

At all levels of play, lacrosse offers unique challenges and opportunities for growth. Whether it’s the fast-paced college games lasting 60 minutes or the youth games spanning 32 minutes, each game is filled with intensity and strategy. With four quarters and ten players on each team, lacrosse showcases the importance of coordination and skill.

As lacrosse continues to expand globally, international competitions like the World Lacrosse Championship and Women’s Lacrosse World Cup bring teams from various countries together, highlighting the sport’s international appeal. The growth of lacrosse clubs and teams worldwide demonstrates its rising popularity in regions such as Australia, Canada, England, and the United States.

Player safety is paramount in lacrosse, with protective gear being mandatory for all players. Understanding the game’s rules and equipment is crucial in preventing injuries. While lacrosse is classified as a moderate-risk sport, practices such as taking breaks and prioritizing player well-being can help minimize risks.

In conclusion, lacrosse offers a unique combination of athleticism, strategy, and camaraderie. Its rapid growth in popularity, both in North America and other regions, showcases its broad appeal. Whether as players or spectators, engaging with lacrosse allows individuals to immerse themselves in a sport that values teamwork, discipline, and passion.


What is lacrosse?

Lacrosse is a fast-paced sport played on two feet. It originated from Native American cultures and has since evolved into various versions, including field lacrosse, women’s lacrosse, box lacrosse, and intercrosse.

How fast is a lacrosse ball?

The fastest recorded lacrosse ball speed is 114 mph. The speed at which the ball can be moved across the field contributes to lacrosse being known as the fastest game on two feet.

What are the different types of lacrosse?

There are four main versions of lacrosse: field lacrosse, played on a grass or turf field; women’s lacrosse, which has stricter rules regarding physicality; box lacrosse, played in a hockey-type arena with more contact; and intercrosse, a non-contact form of lacrosse.

What is the significance of Native American cultures in lacrosse?

Lacrosse has deep roots in Native American cultures, particularly among the Iroquois and other tribes. It was traditionally played as a ceremonial ritual and served as a way to resolve conflicts, strengthen community bonds, and honor spiritual beliefs.

Is lacrosse popular in college and professional sports?

Yes, lacrosse has a significant presence in college sports, with many universities having highly competitive lacrosse programs. There are also professional lacrosse leagues such as Major League Lacrosse (MLL) and the Premier Lacrosse League (PLL) where top players from around the world compete.

Does lacrosse have an international presence?

Yes, lacrosse is played on an international scale. Tournaments like the World Lacrosse Championships attract teams from different countries. Countries such as Canada, the United States, Australia, and England are powerhouses in the lacrosse world.

How have Native Americans influenced the modern game of lacrosse?

Native American traditions continue to influence lacrosse. The Iroquois Nationals, representing the Haudenosaunee Confederacy, have participated in international competitions as a sovereign nation, reminding us of the sport’s indigenous roots and the enduring impact of Native American cultures.

Are there opportunities for scholarships in lacrosse?

Yes, lacrosse offers opportunities for student-athletes to earn scholarships and pursue higher education. Many colleges and universities provide scholarships to talented lacrosse players. Additionally, lacrosse is a sport that caters to a wide range of age groups, from youth programs to adult recreational leagues.